Imam Al-Albani رحمه الله on Weak Ahadith

06/02/2009

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

الحمد الله

Imaam Muslim’s Position: That Weak Ahaadeeth Are To Be Discarded & That Authentic Ahaadeeth Are Only To Be Narrated :- He says in the introduction of his ‘saheeh’:

“To proceed, may Allaah have mercy upon you – if it were not for the evil practice that we have seen from many who take upon themselves the position of muhaddith in their leaving the obligation to discard the weak ahaadeeth and ‘munkar’ narration’s and to suffice with only the authentic ahaadeeth – well known and transmitted by the reliable narrators, well known for their truthfulness and trustworthiness after knowing and admitting with their tongues that much of what they fling at the ignorant people is to be rejected, and is transmitted by unsatisfactory narrators whose narration’s are censured by the scholars of hadeeth such as Maalik, Shu’bah, Yahya Ibn Sa’eed al Qattaan and others. So it has become easy for me to carry out what you ask regarding differentiating and gathering [ahaadeeth], because of what we have informed you of a people’s spreading ‘munkar’ narration’s with weak and unknown isnaads ~ and flinging them to the common people who are unaware of their weakness – then due to this – what you have asked has become easy upon my heart.

And know! May Allaah ta’ala grant you success – that what is obligatory upon everyone who is able to distinguish because authentic and weak narration’s, and between the reliable and suspect narrators is that he should not narrate there from except that known to be authentic and have trustworthy narrators, and that he should avoid there from that narrated by narrators accused of lying, or wilful innovators – and the proof that what we have said is an obligation, not something lesser than it is Allaah’s saying: [al-Hujuraat:6], and His saying:

[Suratul-Baqarah:282], and He said: [Suratut-Talaaq:2]

So the Ayaatayn that we have mentioned show that the report of the Fasiq is not acceptable and that the witness of any but the trustworthy is rejected. And the narration – even if its meaning is different to that of the witness in some respects, since the report of the Fasiq is unacceptable to the scholars just as his witness is rejected by everyone, and the Sunnah shows that the munkar narration’s are to be rejected – just as the Qur’an shows that the report of the

Fasiq is rejected. And it is the famous narration from Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam):

“He who narrates from me a saying and thinks that it is a lie then he is one of the liars. “.

Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaibah narrated to us…

• He then quotes his isnaads from al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah from the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). Then he quotes other marfoo’ ahaadeeth and mawqoof Aathaar warning against narrating that whose authenticity is unknown.

Then Imaam Muslim quotes the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah and the saying of Imaam Maalik and ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Mahdi – concerning not narrating everything which one hears:

• Abu Hurairah – radiAllaahu’anhu – reports that the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“It is sufficient falsehood for a person that he narrates everything which he hears.”

• Imaam Maalik said: “A man will not be safe if he narrates everything which he hears and will never be an Imaam if he quotes everything which he hears. “

• Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Mahdi said: “A man will never become an Imaam who is taken as an example until he withholds a part of what he heard.” [i.e. That which is not known to be authentic – since concealing authentic knowledge is forbidden]

• Ibn al ‘Arabi al-Maaliki said: “The weak hadeeth is not be acted upon at all.”

Conditions For Acting Upon A Weak Hadeeth (with those who hold that it may be acted upon) al-Haafiz as-Sakhawee says in ‘al-Qawlul-Badee’:

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