Ijmaa’ (Scholarly Consensus)

03/02/2009

بسم الله الرحمان الحيم

الحمد الله

Many mujtahids of early community and those who followed them have held or practised what was innovation, not knowing that it was so, either because of weak ahadith they thought sound, or because of understanding from a Qur’anic verse what does not follow, or for some personal view held in ignorance of definitive texts on the matter. If (such) a man fears Allaah as much as possible (he may still hope for mercy).

The point here is that the messenger has clearly shown all of religion in the scripture and in his Sunnah. Ijmaa – the joining together of the community – is right, and it shall not join together on an error.

The verse cited as a proof-text for ‘joining together’ is (Qur’aan 4:115): ‘But himwho breaks with the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him, and follows other than the way of the believers, himWe shall consign to what he had turned to, and roast in Jahannah – an evil home – coming’

(We may sum up the possible exegeses of this) thus: The blame attaches to those who break with the Messenger only, or those who follow other than the way of Believers only, or else blame does not attach to one of these but to both of them, because they are closely connected with each other. The first two positions are false, because if only one of the two categories is affected, there would be no point in mentioning the other. That the blame should not attach to one of these two categories is absolutely untenable.

By Shaykh ul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله

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